Louis J. Kim M.D., M.B.A.

Portrait of Louis J. Kim M.D.
Job Title
Vice Chairman and Professor of Neurological Surgery
Chief of the Neurological Surgery Service at Harborview Medical Center
Wallace T. Staatz Endowed Professor

Dr. Kim is Vice Chairman and Professor of Neurological Surgery, and is Chief of the Neurological Surgery Service at Harborview Medical Center. He is part of a select group of neurosurgeons across the country fellowship-trained in both open vascular/skull base microsurgery and endovascular techniques for the treatment of cerebrovascular and spinal vascular diseases. He specializes exclusively in the treatment of cerebrovascular and spinal vascular lesions, including cerebral aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), cavernous malformations, dural arteriovenous fistulae (dAVFs), intracranial stenosis, carotid artery stenosis, spinal AVMs, and brain and spine tumor embolizations. Patients with cerebrovascular disease looking for an unbiased, expert opinion on the appropriate microsurgical or endovascular management should seek out an appointment in his clinic. Dr. Kim is board-certified by the American Board of Neurological Surgery.

Research Interests

Dr. Kim has received funding for his research through the National Institutes of Health (NIH/NINDS), FDA, Department of Defense, and Washington Research Foundation.

His clinical research relates to patient outcome measures and refinements in surgical and endovascular techniques in aneurysm, AVM, skull based tumor, and cavernous malformation surgery. He is engaged in several prospective cerebrovascular clinical trials charged with the goal of improving both the way we deliver neurosurgical care and patient outcomes.

His laboratory research investigates aneurysm flow and computer fluid dynamics modeling, neurosurgical robotics technology, neuroendoscopic neurosurgical instrument design and development, quantification of radiation dosing for diagnostic and endovascular procedures, and minimally invasive access techniques for skull base and cerebrovascular surgery.

Personal Interests

Hiking, skiing, running, golf, reading.


Medical Education

Columbia University


Banner Good Samaritan Medical Center


Barrow Neurological Institute


Barrow Neurological Institute

Board Certification
American Board of Neurological Surgery - 2011
Contact Information





  • Abecassis IJ, Morton RP, Kim LJ, Ghodke BV, Levitt MR. Combined direct and indirect traumatic carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF): Case report and review of the literature. J Clin Neurosci. 2017 Jul 13. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 28712734
  • Nerva JD, Barber JU, Levitt MR, Rockhill JK, Hallam DK, Ghodke BV, Sekhar LN, Kim LJ. Onyx embolization prior to stereotactic radiosurgery for brain arteriovenous malformations: a single-center treatment algorithm. J Neurointerv Surg. 2017 Jul 14. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 28710086
  • Abecassis IJ, Morton RP, McGrath L, Hanson J, Xue AH, Kelly CM, Levitt MR, Sekhar LN, Kim LJ. Respiratory and swallowing outcomes based on aneurysm location in 360 patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. World Neurosurg. 2017 May 27. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 28559079
  • Alexander MD, Hippe DS, Cooke DL, Hallam DK, Hetts SW, Kim H, Lawton MT, Sekhar LN, Kim LJ, Ghodke BV. Targeted Embolization of Aneurysms Associated with Brain Arteriovenous Malformations at High Risk for Surgical Resection: A Case-Control Study. Neurosurgery. 2017 Apr 13. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 28419337
  • Straus DC, Brito da Silva H, McGrath L, Levitt MR, Kim LJ, Ghodke BV, Barber JK, Sekhar LN. Cerebral Revascularization for Aneurysms in the Flow-Diverter Era. Neurosurgery. 2017 Apr 5. doi: 10.1093/neuros/nyx064. [Epub ahead of print]PubMed PMID: 28383672
  • Mack WJ, Kim LJ, Lopes DK, Mocco J. Introduction: New techniques and technologies in the management of ischemic stroke. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Apr;42(4):E1. doi: 10.3171/2017.1.FOCUS1730. PubMed PMID: 28366068.
  • Kim LJ. Editorial: Acute stroke intervention. Neurosurg Focus. 2017 Apr; 42(4):E9. PMID: 28366061
  • Abecassis IJ, Kim LJ. Craniotomy for Treatment of Chronic Subdural Hematoma. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2017 Apr;28(2):229-237. doi: 10.1016/j.nec.2016.11.005. Review. PubMed PMID: 28325457.
  • Abecassis IJ, Nerva JD, Feroze A, Barber J, Ghodke BV, Kim LJ, Sekhar LN. Multimodality Management of Spetzler-Martin Grade 3 Brain Arteriovenous Malformations with Subgroup Analysis. World Neurosurg. 2017 Mar 18. pii: S1878-8750(17)30358-3. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2017.03.046. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 28323192.
  • Morton RP, Abecassis IJ, Moore AE, Kelly CM, Levitt MR, Kim LJ, Sekhar LN. The use of ultrasound for postoperative monitoring of cerebral bypass grafts: A technical report. J Clin Neurosci. 2017 Feb 16. pii: S0967-5868(16)31187-0. doi: 10.1016/j.jocn.2017.01.030. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 28215461.
  • Abecassis IJ, Nerva JD, Ghodke BV, Sekhar LN, Levitt MR, Kim LJ.  The dual microcatheter technique for transvenous embolization of dural arteriovenous fistulae. J Neurointerv Surg. 2016 Nov 7. pii: neurintsurg-2016-012713. Doi:10.1136/neurintsurg-2016-012713. [Epub ahead of print]  PMID: 27821474
  • Abecassis IJ, Nerva JD, Barber J, Rockhill J, Ellenbogen RG, Kim LJ, Sekhar LN. Toward a comprehensive assessment of functional outcomes in pediatric patients with brain arteriovenous malformations: The Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory.  J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2016 Aug 19:1-12. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 27540697
  • Levitt MR, Barbour MC, Rolland du Roscoat S, Geindreau C, Chivukula VK, McGah PM, Nerva JD, Morton RP, Kim LJ, Aliseda A. Computational fluid dynamics of cerebral aneurysm coiling using high-resolution and high-energy synchrotron X-ray microtomography: comparison with the homogeneous porous medium approach. J Neruointerv Surg. 2016 Jul 12. [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 27405312
  • Levitt MR, McGah PM, Moon K, Albuquerque FC, McDougall CG, Kalani MY, Kim LJ, Aliseda A. Computational modeling of venous sinus stenosis in idiopathic intracranial hypertension. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2015 May 19. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 27197986
  • Ramakrishna R, Kim LJ, Bly RA, Moe  K, Ferreira M Jr.  Transorbital neuroendoscopic surgery for the treatment of skull base lesions.  J Clin Neurosci. 2016 Feb;24:99-104. PMID: 26463603
  • Nerva JD, Kim LJ, Barber J, Rockhill JK, Hallam DK, Ghodke BV, Sekhar LN. Outcomes of multimodality therapy in pediatric patients with ruptured and unruptured brain arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurgery. 2015 Oct 27. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26509647
  • McGah PM, Nerva JD, Morton RP, Barbour MC, Levitt MR, Mourad PD, Kim LJ, Aliseda A. In vitro validation of endovascular Doppler-derived flow rates in models of the cerebral circulation. Physiological Measurement. 2015 Oct 9; 36(11):2301-2317. [Epub ahead of print].  PMID: 26450643
  • Ene CI, Xu D, Morton RP, Emerson S, Levitt MR, Barber J, Rostomily RC, Ghodke BV, Hallam DK, Albuquerque FC, McDougall CG, Sekhar LN, Ferreira M Jr, Kim LJ, Chang SW. Safety and efficacy of preoperative embolization of intracranial hemangioblastomas. Neurosurgery. 2015 Sep 9. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26355367
  • Cooke DL, Levitt MR, Kim LJ, Hallam DK, Sekhar LN, Ghodke BV. Laser-assisted flat-detector CT-guided intracranial access.  Int J Comput Assist Radiol Surg. 2015 Aug 5 [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 26239371
  • Crowley RW, Ducret AF, Kalani MY, Kim LJ, Albuquerque FC, McDougall, CG.  Neurological morbidity and mortality associated with the endovascular treatment of cerebral arteriovenous malformations before and during the ONYX era.  J Neurosurg. 2015 Jun;122(6):1492-7. PMID: 25816081
  • Ene CI, Morton RP, Ferreira M Jr, Sekhar LN, Kim LJ.  Spontaneous hemorrhage from central nervous system hemangioblastomas. World Neurosurgery 2015 Jun;83(6):1180.e13-7. PMID: 25727302
  • Morton RP, Levitt MR, Emerson S, Ghodke BV, Hallam DK, Sekhar LN, Kim LJ, Chesnut RM. Natural history and management of blunt traumatic pseudoaneurysms of the internal carotid artery: The Harborview algorithm based on a 10-year experience.  Ann Surg. 2015 Feb 14 [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 25692360
  • Morton RP, Tariq F, Levitt MR, Nerva JD, Mossa-Basha M, Sekhar LN, Kim LJ, Hallam KD, Ghodke BV. Radiographic and clinical outcomes in cavernous carotid fistula with special focus on alternative transvenous access techniques.  J Clin Neurosci. 2015 May;22(5):859-64. PMID: 25682541
  • Nerva JD, Abecassis IJ, Morton RP, Kim LJ. Hemicraniectomy in older patients with malignant MCA infarction.  World Neurosurgery. 2015 Apr;83(4):397-8. PMID: 25681285
  • Nerva JD, Mantovani A, Barber J, Kim LJ, Rockhill JK, Hallam DK, Ghodke BV, Sekhar LN. Treatment outcomes of unruptured arteriovenous malformations with a subgroup analysis of ARUBA (A Randomized Trial of Unruptured Brain Arteriovenous Malformations)-eligible patients.  Neurosurgery 2015 May;76(5):563-70. PMID: 25635891
  • Togashi K, Joffe AM, Sekhar LN, Kim LJ, Lam A, Yanez D, Broeckel-Elrod JA, Moore A, Deem S, Khandelwal N, Souter MJ, Treggiari MM. Randomized pilot trial of intensive management of blood pressure or volume expansion in subarachnoid hemorrhage (IMPROVES). Neurosurgery 2015 Feb;76(2):125-34. PMID: 25549192
  • Osbun JW, Kim LJ. Internal carotid artery stenting for intracranial atherosclerosis.  Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J 2014 Oct-Dec; 10(4):245-50. PMID: 25624980
  • Vilela MD, Kim LJ, Bellabarba C, Bransford RJ.  Blunt cerebrovascular injuries in association with craniocervical distraction injuries: A retrospective review of consecutive cases.  Spine J. 2015 Mar 1;15(3):499-505. PMID: 25463396
  • Morton RP, Nerva JD, Abecassis IJ, Silbergeld DL, Kim LJ.  Operative cytoreduction for recurrent glioblastoma.  World Neurosurgery 2014 Dec; 82(6):929-31. PMID: 25311979
  • Abecassis IJ, Morton RP, Nerva JD, Kim LJ.  Immunotherapy for secondary glioblastoma multiforme: Towards an isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) vaccine. World Neurosurg. 2014 Dec; 82(6):933-5. PMID: 25311977
  • Sundarakumar D, Marshall DA, Keene CD, Rockhill JK, Margolin KA, Kim LJ. Hemorrhagic collision metastasis in a cerebral arteriovenous malformation.  J Neurointerv Surg. 2014 Sep 25. Pii:neurintsurg-2014-011362. PMID: 25261441
  • Sundarakumar D, Marshall DA, Keene CD, Rockhill JK, Margolin KA, Kim LJ. Hemorrhagic collision metastasis in a cerebral arteriovenous malformation.  BMJ Case Rep. 2014 Sep 19;2014. PMID: 25239982
  • Bly RA, Morton RP, Kim LJ, Moe KS.  Tension pneumocephalus after endoscopic sinus surgery: A technical report of multiportal endoscopic skull base repair. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2014 Aug 19. PMID: 25139951
  • Levitt MR, Osbun JW, Nerva JD, Kim LJ.  Endovascular treatment of complex dural arteriovenous fistula using the dual-microcatheter technique.  Neurosurg Focus 2014 Jul;37(1 Suppl):1.  PMID: 24983721
  • Dellit TH, Chan JD, Fulton C, Pergamit RF, McNamara EA, Kim LJ, Ellenbogen RG, Lynch JB. Reduction in clostridium difficile infections among neurosurgical patients associated with discontinuation of antimicrobial prophylaxis for the duration of external ventricular drain placement.  Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2014 May; 35(5):589-90.  PMID: 24709732
  • Peterson EC, Hanak B, Morton R, Osbun J, Levitt MR, Kim LJ. Are aneurysms treated with balloon assisted coiling and stent assisted coiling different? Morphological analysis of 113 unruptured wide necked aneurysms treated with adjunctive devices.  Neurosurgery 2014 Aug; 75(2):145-51. PMID: 24739363
  • Morton RP, Hanak BW, Levitt MR, Fink KR, Peterson EC, Vilela MD, Kim LJ, Chesnut RM.  Blunt traumatic occlusion of the internal carotid and vertebral arteries.  J Neurosurg. 2014 Jun;120(6):1446-50. PMID: 24678781
  • Nerva JD, Morton RP, Levitt MR, Osbun JW, Ferreira MJ, Ghodke, BV, Kim LJ.  Pipeline embolization device as primary treatment for blister aneurysms and iatrogenic pseudoaneurysms of the internal carotid artery.  J Neurointerv Surg. 2015 Mar;7(3):210-6. PMID: 24578484
  • McGah PM, Levitt MR, Barbour MC, Morton RP, Nerva JD, Mourad PD, Ghodke BV, Hallam DK, Sekhar LN, Kim LJ, Aliseda A.  Accuracy of computational cerebral aneurysm hemodynamics using patient-specific endovascular measurements.  Ann Biomed Eng.  2014 Mar;42(3):503-14  PMID: 24162859
  • Levitt MR, Osbun JW, Ghodke BV, Kim LJ. Radiation dose reduction in neuroendovascular procedures. World Neurosurgery 2013 Dec; 80(6):681-2. PMID: 24134907
  • Morton RP, Moore AE, Barber J, Tariq F, Hare K, Ghodke BV, Kim LJ, Sekhar LN.  Monitoring flow in EC-IC bypass grafts using Duplex ultrasonography: A single center experience in 80 grafts over 8 years.  Neurosurgery 2014 Jan;74(1):62-70. PMID: 24089049
  • Kim LJ, Tariq F, Levitt MR, Ghodke BV, Barber J, Sekhar LN.  Multimodality treatment of complex unruptured cavernous and paraclinoid aneurysms.  Neurosurgery 2014 Jan;74(1):51-61. PMID: 24089048
  • Kalani MY, Zabramski JM, Kim LJ, Chowdhry S, Mendez GA, Nakaji P, McDougall CG, Albuquerque FC, Spetzler RF. Long-term follow-up of blister aneurysms of the internal carotid artery. Neurosurgery 2013 Dec;73(6):1026-33; PMID: 24056320
  • Levitt MR, Morton RP, Haynor DR, Cohen W, Ghodke BV, Hallam DK, Kim LJ, Fink KR. Angiographic perfusion imaging: Real time of assessment of endovascular treatment for cerebral vasospasm.  J Neuroimaging 2014 Jul-Aug;24(4):387-92. PMID: 24015728
  • Zaidat OO, Castonquay AC, Fitzsimmons BF, Woodward BK, Wang Z, Killer-Oberpfalzer M, Wakhloo A, Gupta R, Kirshner H, Eliasziw M, Thomas Megerian J, Shetty S, Yoklavich Guilhermier M, Barnwell S, Smith WS, Gress DR; VISSIT Trial Investigators.  Design of the Vitesse intracranial stent study for ischemic therarpy (VISSIT) trial in symptomatic intracranial stenosis.  J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 2013 Oct 22(7):1131-9.  PMID: 23261207
  • Creutzfeldt CJ, Tirschwell DL, Kim LJ, Schubert GB, Longstreth WT Jr, Becker KJ. Seizures after decompressive craniectomy for ischemic stroke. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2014 Jul;85(7):721-5. PMID: 23918640
  • Levitt MR, McGah PM, Aliseda A, Mourad PD, Nerva JD, Vaidya SS, Morton RP, Ghodke BV, Kim LJ.  Cerebral aneurysms treated with flow-diverting stents: computational models with intravascular blood flow measurement. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2014 Jan; 35(1):143-8. PMID: 23868162
  • Levitt MR, Ghodke B, Hallam D, Sekhar LN, Kim LJ.  Incidence of microemboli and correlation with platelet inhibition in aneurysmal flow diversion.  AJNR Am J Neuroradiol.  2013 Dec;34(12):2321-5. PMID: 23811975
  • Mai JC, Ramanathan D, Kim LJ, Sekhar LN.  Surgical resection of cavernous malformations of the brainstem: evolution of a minimally invasive technique.  World Neurosurgery 2013 79(5-6):691-703.  PMID: 23017589
  • Levitt MR, Osbun JW, Kim LJ.  Intracranial pressure monitoring in severe traumatic brain injury.  World Neurosurgery 2013 May-Jun;79(5-6):600-1. PMID: 2351729
  • Ramanathan D, Levitt MR, Sekhar LN, Kim LJ, Hallam DK, Ghodke BV. Management of spinal epidural arteriovenous fistulas: interventional techniques and results.  J Neurointerv Surg. 2014 Mar;6(2):144-9. PMID: 2351711
  • Kim LJ, Tariq F, Sekhar LN. Pediatric bypasses for aneurysms and skull base tumors: short- and long-term outcome.  J Neurosurg Pediatr.  2013 May;11(5):533-42. PMID: 23452030
  • Osbun JW, Kim LJ, Spetzler RF, McDougall CG. Aberrant venous drainage pattern in medial sphenoid wing dural arteriovenous fistula: A case report and review of the literature.  World Neurosurg. 2013 Dec;80(6):e381-6. PMID: 23403353
  • Sekhar LN, Tariq F, Morton RP, Ghodke B, Hallam DK, Barber J, Kim LJ. Basilar tip aneurysms: a microsurgical and endovascular contemporary series of 100 patients. Neurosurgery 2013;72(2):284-99. PMID:23147787
  • Sekhar LN, Tariq F, Mai JC, Kim LJ, Ghodke B, Hallam DK, Bulsara KR. Unyielding progress: treatment paradigms for giant aneurysms. Clin Neurosurg. 2012;59:6-21. PMID:22960509
  • Sekhar LN, Tariq F, Kim LJ, Pridgeon J, Hannaford B. Commentary: Virtual reality and robotics in neurosurgery. Neurosurgery 2013;72 Suppl 1:A1-6. PMID:23254797
  • Peterson EC, Kanal KM, Dickinson RL, Stewart BK, Kim LJ. Radiation-induced complications in endovascular neurosurgery: incidence of skin effects and the feasibility of estimating risk of future tumor formation. Neurosurgery 2013 Apr; 72(4): 566-72. PMID:23269458
  • Mai JC, Tariq F, Kim LJ, Sekhar LN. Flow diversion radial artery bypass graft coupled with terminal basilar artery occlusion for the treatment of complex basilar apex aneurysms: operative nuances. Neurosurgery 2013 Jun;72(2 Suppl Operative):ons116-26. PMID:23313975          
  • Levitt MR, Vaidya SS, Su DK, Moe KS, Kim LJ, Sekhar LN, Hallam DK, Ghodke BV.  The “triple-overlay” technique for percutaneous diagnosis and treatment of lesion of the head and neck: Combined three-dimensional guidance with magnetic resonance imaging, cone-beam computed tomography and fluoroscopy.  World Neurosurgery 2013 Mar-Apr;79(3-4):509-14. PMID: 22484075
  • Ramanathan D, Starnes B, Hatsukami T, Kim LJ, DiMaio S, Sekhar LN.  Tibial artery allografts: alternative conduits for high flow cerebral revascularizations.  World Neurosurgery 2013 Sep-Oct;80(3-4):322-7. PMID: 22381872
  • Levitt MR, Osbun JW, Kim LJ.  The pharmacogenomics of clopidogrel.  World Neurosurgery 2012 Mar-Apr;77(3-4):406-7. PMID: 22366366
  • Ramanthan D, Temkin N, Kim LJ, Ghodke B, Sekhar LN.  Cerebral bypasses for complex aneurysms and tumors:  Long term results and graft management strategies. Neurosurgery 2012. Jun;70(6):1442-57. PMID: 22278357
  • Levitt MR, Vaidya SS, Mai JC, Hallam DK, Kim LJ, Ghodke BV.  Balloon test occlusion with the Doppler velocity guidewire.  J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis2012 Nov;21(8):909. PMID: 22100827
  • Ramakrishna R, Kim L, Rostomily R.  Glioblastoma: the importance of not being ageist.  World Neurosurg. 2011 Nov;76(5):369-70. No abstract available. PMID: 22152553
  • Levitt MR, Kim LJ. Noninvasive cerebral blood flow velocity measurements using fast, high-resolution MRA. World Neurosurgery 2011 Jul-Aug;76(1-2):8-10. PMID: 21839929
  • Levitt MR, Cooke DL, Ghodke BV, Kim LJ, Hallam DK, Sekhar LN. “Stent view” flat-detector CT and stent-assisted treatment strategies for complex intracranial aneurysms. World Neurosurg. 2011 Feb;75(2):275-8. PMID: 21492730
  • Cooke DL, Levitt M, Kim LJ, Hallam DK, Ghodke B.  Intraorbital access using fluoroscopic flat panel detector CT navigation and three-dimensional MRI overlay.  J Neurointerv Surg. 2010 Sep 1;2(3): 249-51. PMID: 21990636
  • Ramanathan D, Ghodke B, Kim LJ, Hallam D, Herbes-Rocha M, Sekhar LN.  Endovascular management of cerebral bypass graft problems:  an analysis of technique and results.  AJNR 2011 Sep; 32(8): 1415-19. PMID: 21816916
  • Sekhar LN, Ramanathan D, Hallam DK, Ghodke BV, Kim LJ.  What is the correct approach to aneurysm management in 2011?  World Neurosurg. 2011 Mar-Apr 75(3-4):409-11. PMID: 21600475
  • Rahman M, Ogilvy CS, Zipfel GJ, Derdeyn CP, Siddiqui AH, Bulsara KR, Kim LJ, Riina HA, Mocco J, Hoh BL.  Unruptured cerebral aneurysms do not shrink when they rupture: multicenter collaborative aneurysm study group. Neurosurgery 2011 Jan;68(1):155-60; discussion 160-1. PMID: 21150760
  • Moe K, Kim LJ, Bergeron CM.  Transorbital  endoscopic repair of CSF leaks.  Laryngoscope 2011 Jan;121(1):13-30. PMID: 21181981
  • Ramakrishna R & Kim L.  Transcranial magnetic stimulation may provide benefit in acute stroke.  World Neurosurgery 2010 May;73(5):427-8. PMID: 20920913
  • Peterson EC & Kim LJ. Magnetic resonance imaging at the molecular level.  World Neurosurg, 2010 Jun 73(6): 604-5. PMID: 20934135
  • Levitt MR, Ghodke BV, Cooke DL, Hallam DK, Kim LJ, Sekhar LN. Endovascular procedures with CTA and MRA roadmapping.  J Neuroimaging 2011 Jul;21(3):259-62. Epub 2010 Jul 23. PMID: 20649854
  • Ramakrishna R, Sekhar L, Ramanathan D, Temkin N, Hallam D, Ghodke B, Kim, LJ.  Intraventricular tPA for the prevention of vasospasm and hydrocephalus after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurgery 2010 67(1):110-117. PMID: 20553098
  • Sharma D, Kim LJ, Ghodke B.  Successful airway management with combined use of Glidescope videolaryngoscope and fiberoptic bronchoscope with Cowden’s syndrome.  Anesthesiology 2010 Jul; 113(1):253-5. PMID: 20526181
  • Cooke DL, Levitt M, Kim LJ, Hallam DK, Sekhar LN, Ghodke BV. Transcranial access using fluoroscopic flat panel detector CT navigation. AJNR American Journal of Neuroradiology 32:E69-E70, 2011 PMID: 20299429
  • Cooke DL, Seiler D, Hallam D, Kim LJ, Jarvik J, Sekhar L, Ghodke B. Does treatment modality affect vasospasm distribution in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: differential use of intra-arterial interventions for cerebral vasospasm in surgical clipping and endovascular coiling populations. J NeuroInterven Surgery 2010;2:139-44. PMID: 21990594
  • Natarajan SK, Ghodke B, Kim LJ, Hallam DK, Britz GW, Sekhar LN.  Multimodality treatment of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas in the ONYX era: a single center experience.  World Neurosurg. 2010 Apr 73(40: 355-79. PMID: 20849795
  • Raelson CA, Kanal KM, Valvilala MS, Rivara FP, Kim LJ, Stewart BK, Cohen WA.  Radiation dose and excess risk of cancer in children undergoing neuroangiography.  AJR Am J Roentgenol 2009 Dec; 193(6):1621-8. PMID: 19933657
  • Sekhar LN, Biswas A, Hallam D, Kim LJ, Douglas J, Ghodke B. Neuroendovascular management of tumors and malformations of the head and neck.  Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2009 Oct; 20(4):453-85 PMID: 19853805
  • Gore P, Theodore N, Brasiliense L, Kim LJ, Garrett M, Nakaji P, Gonzalez LF, McDougall CG, Albuquerque FC. The utility of onyx for preoperative embolization of cranial and spinal tumors. Neurosurgery 2008 June, Vol 62 (6):1204-1212 PMID: 18824987
  • Lekovic GP, Kim LJ, Gonzalez LF, Bice A, Albuquerque FC, McDougall CG, Radiation Exposure During Endovascular Procedures Neurosurgery (Operative Neurosurgery1) 2008 July Vol 63:81-86. PMID: 18728608
  • Kakarla UK, Kim LJ, Chang SW, Theodore N, Spetzler RF, Safety and Accuracy of Bedside External Ventricular Drain Placement Neurosurgery (Operative Neurosurgery1) 2008 July Vol 63:162-167. PMID: 18728595
  • Bambakidis NC, Kakarla UK, Kim LJ, Nakaji P, Porter RW, Daspit CP, Spetzler
    RF. Evolution of surgical approaches in the treatment of petroclival meningiomas: a
    retrospective review. Neurosurgery 2008 Jun; 62(6 Suppl 3): 1182-91. PMID: 18695539
  • Kim, LJ. Zubay G, Spetzler RF. Postoperative Acute Sialadenitis after Skull Base Surgery. Skull Base 2008(02): p. 129-134. PMID: 18769650
  • Bambakidis NC, Kakarla UK, Kim LJ, Nakaji P, Porter RW, Daspit CP, Spetzler
    RF. Evolution of surgical approaches in the treatment of petroclival meningiomas: a
    retrospective review. Neurosurgery 2007 Nov; 61(5 Suppl 2): p. 202-9; discussion 209-11. PMID:18091234
  • Bozinov O, Kim LJ, Spetzler RF. Intraoperative angiography for Hunterian ligation of a recurrent basilar aneurysm. Zentralbl Neurochir. 2007 Aug; 68(3): 151-4. PMID: 17665344
  • Kim LJ, Klopfenstein JD, Spetzler RF. Clip reconstruction and sling wrapping of a fusiform aneurysm: technical note. Neurosurgery 2007 Sep; 61(3 Suppl):79-80; discussion 80. PMID: 17876235
  • Kim, LJ, Lekovic G, White W., Preliminary Experience with 3-Tesla MRI and Cushing's Disease. Skull Base 2007(04): p. 273-277. PMID: 18174929
  • Gonzalez LF, Kim L, Rekate HL, McDougall CG, Albuquerque FC. Endovascular placement of a ventriculoatrial shunt: Technical note. Journal of Neurosurgery Pediatrics 2007 Volume 106: 319-321 PMID: 17465370
  • Kim LJ, Albuquerque FC, Spetzler RF, McDougall CG. Postembolization neurological deficits in cerebral arteriovenous malformations: Stratification by AVM grade. Neurosurgery 2006 Jul 59(1): 96-104. PMID: 16823300
  • Kim LJ, Albuquerque FC, Aziz-Sultan A, Spetzler RF, McDougall CG. Low morbidity associated with the use of NBCA liquid adhesive for preoperative embolization in 35 consecutive central nervous system tumors. Neurosurgery 2006 Jul 59(1): 53-9. PMID: 16812205
  • Kim LJ, Klopfenstein JD, Zabramski JM, Sonntag VKS, Spetzler RF. Analysis of pain after resection of intramedullary spinal cavernous malformations. Neurosurgery 2006 Jan;58(1):106-11 PMID: 16385334
  • Klopfenstein JD, Kim LJ, Feiz Erfan I, Dickman CA. Retroperitoneal approach for lumbar interbody fusion with anterolateral instrumentation for treatment of spondylolisthesis and degenerative foraminal stenosis. Surgical Neurology 2006 Feb;65(2):111-6. PMID: 16427396
  • Kim LJ, Albuquerque FC, McDougall CG, Spetzler RF. Resolution of an infectious pseudoaneurysm in a cervical to petrous vein bypass graft with covered stent placement. Case report. Neurosurgery 2006 Feb;58(2):E386 PMID: 16462468
  • Klopfenstein JD, Ponce FA, Kim LJ, Albuquerque FC, Nakaji P, Spetzler RF. Middle cerebral artery stenosis: endovascular and surgical options.
    Skull Base 2005 Aug;15(3):175-89. PMID:16175228
  • Kim LJ & Spetzler RF. Classification and surgical management of spinal arteriovenous lesions: arteriovenous fistulas and arteriovenous malformations. Neurosurgery 59 (5Suppl 3): S195-S201, 2006. PMID: 17053603
  • Deshmukh VR, Klopfenstein J, Albuquerque FC, Kim LJ, Spetzler RF. Surgical management of distal coil migration and arterial perforation after embolization of ruptured ophthalmic artery aneurysm: technical case report. Neurosurgery 2006 Apr 58 (4 Suppl 2):ONS-E379. PMID: 16575291
  • Safavi-Abbasi S, Feiz-Erfan I, Spetzler RF, Kim L, Dogan S, Porter RW, Sonntag VK. Hemorrhage of cavernous malformations during pregnancy and in the peripartum period: causal or coincidence?  Case report and review of the literature.  Neurosurg Focus 2006 Jul 15;21(1):e12. PMID: 16859250
  • Raabe A, Nakaji P, Beck J, Kim LJ, Hsu F, Kammerman J, Seifert V, Spetzler RF. Prospective evaluation of surgical microscope-integrated intraoperative near-infrared indocyanine green videoangiography during aneurysm surgery. Journal of Neurosurgery 2005 Dec;103(6):982-9. PMID: 16381184
  • Kim LJ, Albuquerque FC, McDougall CG, Spetzler RF. Combined surgical and endovascular treatment of a recurrent A3-A3 junction aneurysm unsuitable for stand alone clipping or coiling: Technical note. Neurosurgical Focus 18(2): E6, 2005. PMID: 15715451
  • Albuquerque FC, Fiorella D, Han PP, Deshmukh VR, Kim LJ, McDougall CG. Endovascular management of intracranial dissecting vertebral artery aneurysms. Neurosurgical Focus 18(2): E3, 2005. PMID: 15715448
  • Feiz-Erfan I, Han PP, Spetzler RF, Horn EM, Klopfenstein JD, Kim LJ, Porter RW, Beals SP, Lettieri SC, Joganic EF. Preserving olfactory function in anterior craniofacial surgery through cribriform plate osteotomy applied in selected patients. Neurosurgery 2005 Jul;57(1 Suppl):86-93; discussion 86-93. PMID: 15987573
  • Kim LJ, Feiz-Irfan I, Clatterbuck R, Spetzler RF. Spontaneous ventriculostomy in a patient with obstructive hydrocephalus. Acta Neurochirurgica (Wien). 2005 Feb;147(2):219-220. PMID: 15570439
  • Kim LJ, Rekate HL, Klopfenstein JD, Sonntag VKH. Treatment of basilar invagination in the pediatric population using cervical reduction and posterior occipital-cervical fusion. Journal of Neurosurgery Pediatrics 101 (2): 189-195, 2004. PMID: 15835107
  • Klopfenstein JD, Spetzler RF, Kim LJ, Feiz-Erfan I, Han PP, Zabramski JM, Porter RW, Albuquerque FC, McDougall CG, Fiorella DJ. Comparison of routine and selective use of intraoperative angiography during aneurysm surgery: a prospective assessment. Journal of Neurosurgery Feb;100(2):230-5, 2004. PMID: 15086229
  • Klopfenstein JD, Kim LJ, Feiz-Erfan I, Hott JS, Goslar P, Zabramski JM, Spetzler RF. Comparison of rapid and gradual weaning from external ventricular drainage in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: a prospective randomized trial. Journal of Neurosurgery Feb;100(2):225-29, 2004. PMID: 15056228
  • Hott JT, Feiz-Erfan I, Kim LJ, Sonntag VKH. Nonsurgical treatment of a C6/7 unilateral locked facet in an infant: case report. Journal of Neurosurgery 2004 Feb;100(2 Suppl):220-2. PMID: 14758955
  •  Kim LJ, Sonntag VKH, Hott JT, Klopfenstein JD, Nemeth JA, Tweardy L. Scalp burn following MRI in a halo-vest fixation device. Journal of Neurosurgery 99:186, 2003. PMID: 12854765
  • Kim LJ, Klopfenstein JD, White WL. Ectopic ACTH-secreting pituitary adenoma within the cavernous sinus: a cause of failure of transsphenoidal surgery for Cushing’s disease. Journal of Neurosurgery 98: 1312-1317, 2003. PMID:12816280
  • Huang J, Agus DB, Winfree CJ, Kiss S, Mack WJ, McTaggart RA, Choudhri TF, Kim LJ, Mocco J, Pinsky DJ, Fox WD, Israel RJ, Boyd TA, Golde DW, Connolly ES Jr. Dehydroascorbic acid, a blood-brain barrier transportable form of vitamin C, mediates potent cerebroprotection in experimental stroke. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA Sep 25;98(20):11720-4; 2001. PMID:11573006
  • Huang J, Kim LJ, Mealey R, Marsh HC Jr, Zhang Y, Tenner AJ, Connolly ES Jr, Pinsky DJ. Neuronal protection in stroke by an sLex-glycosylated complement inhibitory protein. Science 1999 Jul 23;285(5427):595-9. PMID: 10417391
  • Huang J, Kim LJ, Poisik A, Pinsky DJ, Connolly ES Jr. Titration of postischemic cerebral hypoperfusion by variation of ischemic severity in a murine model of stroke. Neurosurgery 1999 Aug;45(2):328-33. PMID: 10449078
  • Huang J, Choudhri TF, Winfree CJ, McTaggart RA, Kiss S, Mocco J, Kim LJ, Protopsaltis TS, Zhang Y, Pinsky DJ, Connolly ES Jr. Postischemic cerebrovascular E-selectin expression mediates tissue injury in murine stroke. Stroke 2000 Dec; 31(12):3047-53 PMID: 11108771
  • Poisik A, Heyer EJ, Solomon RA, Quest DO, Adams DC, Baldasserini CM, McMahon DJ, Huang J, Kim LJ, Choudhri TF, Connolly ES Jr. Safety and efficacy of fixed-dose heparin in carotid endarterectomy. Neurosurgery 1999 Sep;45(3):434-41 PMID: 10493364
  • Choudhri TF, Hoh BL, Prestigiacomo CJ, Huang J, Kim LJ, Schmidt AM, Kisiel W, Connolly ES Jr, Pinsky DJ. Targeted inhibition of intrinsic coagulation limits cerebral injury in stroke without increasing intracerebral hemorrhage. Journal of Experimental Medicine 1999 Jul 5;190(1):91-9. PMID:10429673
  • Connolly ES, Poisik A, Winfree CJ, Kim LJ, Huang J, McMahon DJ, Solomon RA. Cigarette smoking and the development and rupture of cerebral aneurysms in a mixed race population: Implications for population screening and smoking cessation. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 1999 Vol 8 (4): 248-253. PMID: 17895172
  • Huang J, Kim LJ et al. Does poly-L-lysine coating of the middle cerebral artery occlusion suture improve infarct consistency in a murine model? J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis. 1998 Vol 7(5):296-301. PMID: 17895104




  1. Nerva JD, Abecassis IJ, Levitt MR, Kim LJ. Ruptured brain arteriovenous malformations. In The Society of Neurological Surgeons: Medical Student Neurosurgery Handbook. In press.
  2. Nerva JD, Kim LJ. Pericallosal artery aneurysms. In LN Rangel-Castilla, P Nakaji, AH Siddiqui, RF Spetzler & EI Levy (Eds.) Decision Making in Cerebrovascular Diseases. In press.
  3. McGrath Jr LB, Nerva JD, Kim LJ. On-label use (Illustrative cases). In MS Park, P Taussky, FC Albuquerque & CG McDougall (Eds) Flow Diversion of Cerebral Aneurysms. In press.
  4. Nerva JD, Morton RP, Kim LJ. Natural history of AVFs, Clinical Presentation and Indications for Treatment. In G Lanzino, J Sheehan & A Dumont (Eds.) Brain Arteriovenous Malformations and Arteriovenous Fistulas. In press.
  5. Osbun JW, Nerva JD, Kim LJ. Classification of Spinal Arteriovenous Lesions: Arteriovenous Fistulas and Arteriovenous Malformations. In HR Winn (Ed.) Youmans & Winn Neurological Surgery, 7th edition.
  6. Levitt MR, Ghodke BV, Kim LJ. Endovascular surgery: General technique.  Atlas of neurosurgical techniques, (ed Sekhar and Fessler) 2nd Ed: Cranial Surgery. New York, Thieme 2015.
  7. Sekhar LN, Brito da Silva H, Mantovani A, Kim LJ.  Basilar tip and posterior cerebral artery aneurysms.  Atlas of neurosurgical techniques, (ed Sekhar and Fessler) 2nd Ed: Cranial Surgery. New York, Thieme 2015.
  8. Morton RP, Brito da Silva H, Ghodke BV, Hallam DK, Sekhar LN, Kim LJ. Atlas of neurosurgical techniques, (ed Sekhar and Fessler) 2nd Ed: Cranial Surgery. New York, Thieme 2015.
  9. Sekhar LN, Mantovani A, Brito da Silva H, Nerva JD, Kim LJ.  General techniques for the surgery of arteriovenous malformations. Atlas of neurosurgical techniques, (ed Sekhar and Fessler) 2nd Ed: Cranial Surgery. New York, Thieme 2015.
  10. Osbun JW, Levitt MR, Ferreira Jr M, Kim LJ. Embolization of vascular tumors. In: Spetzler RF, Kalani MYS, Nakaji P, eds. Neurovascular Surgery, 2nd Edition. New York, NY: Thieme; 2015.
  11. Osbun JW, Nerva JD, Kim LJ.  Dural arteriovenous fistulae: Endovascular management. Atlas of neurosurgical techniques, (ed Sekhar and Fessler) 2nd Ed: Cranial Surgery. New York, Thieme 2015.
  12. Sekhar LN, Brito da Silva H, Tariq F, Kim LJ, Ghodke BV.  Bypass and vascular reconstruction for anterior circulation aneurysms.  Samii’s Essentials in Neurosurgery.  (ed Ramina, Pires de Aguiar, Tatagiba) Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2014.
  13. Levitt MR, Osbun JW, Kim LJ. Thromboembolic complications while coiling. In: Gonzalez FL, Albuquerque FC, McDougall CG, eds. Neurointerventional Techniques: Tricks of the Trade. New York, NY: Thieme; 2014.
  14. Sekhar LN, Tariq F, Brito da Silva H, Ghodke BV, Kim LJ.  Bypass and vascular reconstruction for posterior circulation aneurysms.  Samii’s Essentials in Neurosurgery.  (ed Ramina, Pires de Aguiar, Tatagiba) Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2014.
  15. Sekhar LN, Ramanathan D, Rosen J, Kim LJ, Friedman D, Glozman D, Moe K, Lendvay T, Hannaford B.  Robotics in Neurosurgery.  Chapter 30; Surgical Robotics; 1st edition Springer 2011.
  16. Kim LJ, Levitt MR, Iman Feiz-Erfan, Spetzler RF.  Cavernous hemangiomas and dural arteriovenous fistulas.  Nanda (ed):  Principles of posterior fossa surgery.  New York, Thieme 2011.
  17. Dashti SR, Park M, Kim LJ, Spetzler RF.  Spinal Vascular Malformations.  Stroke: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Management (ed Mohr, Choi, Grotta, Weir, Wolf). 5th edition Elsevier Press, Philadelphia 2011. 
  18. Dashti SR, Kim LJ, Spetzler RF.  Classification of Spinal Vascular Malformations. HR Winn (ed): Youmans, Textbook of Neurological Surgery.  6th edition Philadelphia, Elsevier 2009.
  19. Feiz-Erfan I, Zabramski JM, Kim LJ, Klopfenstein JD: Natural history of cavernous malformations of the central nervous system. Lanzino G and Spetzler RF (eds): Cavernous Malformations of the Brain and Spinal Cord. New York, Thieme, 2007.
  20. Kim LJ, Daspit P. Posterior fossa arachnoid cysts. Neurotology (ed. Jackler & Brackmann) Elsevier Mosby, Philadelphia, PA, pp. 944-948, 2005.
  21. Riina HA, Lemole GA, Kim LJ, Spetzler RF. Stroke: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Management (ed. Mohr, Choi, Grotta, Weir, Wolf) 4th edition, 2004 Elsevier Press, Philadelphia, PA; Chapter 72; Spinal arteriovenous malformations.




  1. Peterson EC, Kim LJ. In Reply: Stenting versus balloon remodeling of intracranial aneurysms. Neurosurgery. 2015 Jan;76(1):E104.  PMID: 25255268
  2. Gonzalez LF, McDougall CG, Albuquerque FC, Kim LJ, Spetzler RF.  Balloon-assisted coil embolization.  J Neurosurg. 2007 Apr; 106(4):733-4. PMID: 17432734
  3. Kim LJ, Maughan PH, Evans R. Hemangioblastoma in an Octogenarian: Case Report. BNI Quarterly, Apr 2007 Vol 22(3) 7-9.
  4. Kim LJ, Porter RW, Syms M. Acoustic Neuromas: Symptoms and Diagnosis. BNI Quarterly, 20(4): 7-13, 200
  5. Hsu FPK, Clatterbuck R, Kim LJ, Spetzler RF. Treatment of intramedullary spinal cord cavernous malformations. Operative Techniques in Neurosurgery, May 2003.
  6. Kim LJ, Klopfenstein JD, Zabramski JM, Sonntag VKS, Spetzler RF. Spinal cord cavernous malformations: management and technical considerations. Operative Techniques in Neurosurgery, Vol 6, No 3 (September), 149-156; 2003.
  7. Klopfenstein JD, Han PP, Kim LJ, Spetzler RF. Herniated lumbar disk sequestered between the internal and external dural sleeves: case report. BNI Quarterly.19(4): 25-27 Winter 2003.
  8. Klopfenstein JD, Lanzino G, Kim LJ, Spetzler RF. Pineal region germinoma in the seventh decade: case report. BNI Quarterly. Winter 2002; 18(4): 18-21.
  9. Kim LJ, Lanzino G, Rekate HR, Spetzler RF. Pediatric cavernous malformations. Operative Techniques in Neurosurgery, Vol 5, No 3 (September) 150-154; 2002.
  10. Lemole GM Jr, Henn JS, Riina HA, Lanzino G, Kim LJ, Spetzler RF: Spinal Cord Cavernous Malformations. In Biller J (ed): Seminars in Cerebrovascular Disease and Stroke. Vol. 2(3); 227-235; 2002.